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Sedge / Caddisflies Backgrounder

1 CommentWednesday, 3 September 2014  |  Admin

The caddis is also commonly known as the sedge! Check out our caddisflies rigs and techniques blog post on Caddisflies

The Caddisflies, (Trichopetra) or sedges can be found anywhere there is fresh water. The drab coloured adults are moth-like however their body and wings are covered with hairs. Another distinguisihing feature is that the caddis do not have a coiled proboscis. Their wings are held over the body in a tent like fashion.

Mostly nocturnal, the adults hide in vegetation during the hours of daylight and are hard to find. Mating takes place at dusk, either in flight or on vegetation. Their bodies range in size from 2mm to 28mm (1.25 inches).

The caddis flies are an order Trichoptera, of insects with approximately 12,000 described species. Also called sedge-flies or rail-flies, there're small moth like insects having two pairs of hairy membranous wings. Caddis or sedges are closely related to Lepidoptera (moths and butterflies) which have scales on their wings, and both orders together form the superorder Amphiesmenoptera . Caddis / sedge flies have aquatic larvae and are within a wide variety of habitats such as streams, rivers, lakes, ponds, spring seeps, and temporary waters (vernal pools) The larvae of many caddis make protective cases of silk decorated with gravel, sand, twigs or other debris. The name "Trichoptera" comes from Greek trich, "hair" + ptera, "wings".

Caddisflies / Sedge Ecology

Although caddis flies can be present in waterbodies of varying qualities, species-rich caddis fly assemblages are generally thought to indicate clean water. Together and mayflies caddis  / sedge flies feature importantly in bioassessment surveys of streams and other water bodies. Caddis fly species can be found in all feeding guilds in stream habitats, with some species being predators, leaf shredders, algal grazers, and collectors of particles from the watercolumn and benthos. Caddis / sedge flies are considered underwater architects because many species use silk for building throughout their larval life. Caddis / sedge flies may be loosely divided into three behavioral groups determined by this use of silk: retreat-making caddis flies, case-making caddis flies, and free-living caddis /sedge flies. Those that build retreats build a net or retreat from silk and other materials and apply it to catch food items just like algae, aquatic invertebrates and zooplankton from the flowing stream. Case-making caddis /sedge  flies make portable cases using silk along with substrate materials as in small fragments of rock, sand, small pieces of twig, aquatic plants, or sometimes silk alone. Many use the retreats or cases throughout their larval life, adding to, or enlarging them as they grow. These may look very much like bagworm cases, that happen to be constructed by various moth species that are not aquatic. Free-living caddis / sedge flies tend not to build retreats or carry portable cases until they're just ready to pupate.

Caddisflies / Sedge Development

Many species of caddis / sedge fly larvae enter a stage of inactivity called the pupa stage for weeks or months after they mature but before emergence. Their emergence is then triggered by cooling water temperatures in the fall, effectively synchronizing the adult activity to generate mate-finding easier. In Northwestern US, caddisfly larvae within their gravel cases are called 'periwinkles' Caddis / sedge fly pupation occurs very similar to pupation of Lepidoptera That's, caddis / sedge flies within a cocoon spun from silk. Caddis flies which build the portable cases attach their case to some underwater object, seal the front and rear apertures against predation though still allowing water flow, and pupate within it. Once fully developed, most pupal caddis / sedge flies cut through their cases having a special pair of mandibles, swim up towards the water surface, dispose of skin and then the now-obsolete gills and mandibles, and emerge as fully formed adults. In a minority of species, the pupae swim to shore (either below the water - see figure - or across the surface) and crawl out to emerge. Many of them are able to fly immediately after breaking from their pupal skin. The adult stage of caddis / sedge flies, generally, is very short-lived, usually just one-2 weeks, but can sometimes last for two months. Most adults are non-feeding and are equipped mainly to mate. Once mated, the female caddis / sedge fly will often lay eggs (enclosed in a gelatinous mass) by attaching them above or below the water surface. hatch in as little as three weeks. Caddis sedge flies in most temperate areas complete their lifecycles in just one year. The general temperate-zone lifecycle pattern is one of larval feeding and growth in autumn, winter, and spring, with adult emergence between late spring and early fall, although the adult activity of some species peaks in the winter. Larvae are active in very cold water and can frequently be observed feeding under ice. In common with many aquatic insect species, many caddis / sedge fly adults emerge synchronously en masse. Such emergence patterns ensure that most caddisflies will encounter a member of the opposite sex within a timely fashion. Mass emergences of this nature are called 'hatches' by salmon and trout anglers, and salmonid fish species will frequently 'switch' to whatever species is emerging on a particular day. Anglers exploit this behavior by matching their artificial flies to the suitable fly.

Caddisflies in most temperate areas complete their lifecycles  in just one year. The general temperate-zone lifecycle pattern is one of larval feeding and growth in autumn, winter, and spring, with adult emergence between late spring and early fall, although the adult activity of some species peaks in the winter. Larvae are active in very cold water and can frequently be observed feeding under ice. In common with many aquatic insect species, many caddisfly adults emerge synchronously en masse. Such emergence patterns ensure that most caddisflies will encounter a member of the opposite sex within a timely fashion. Mass emergences of this nature are called 'hatches' by salmon and trout anglers, and salmonid fish species will frequently 'switch' to whatever species is emerging on a particular day. Anglers exploit this behavior by matching their artificial flies to the suitable fly.

Balloon Caddis

Balloon Caddis£1.00  (1)

Available in Fly Size
14,

Barbless Balloon Caddis

Barbless Balloon Caddis£1.25

Available in Fly Size(s)
14, 16, 18

Barbless Black Caddis

Barbless Black Caddis£1.25

Available in Fly Size(s)
10, 12, 14.

Barbless Elk Hair Caddis Black

Barbless Elk Hair Caddis Black£1.25  (2)

Available in Fly Size(s)
12, 14, 16, 18

Barbless Elk Hair Caddis Brown

Barbless Elk Hair Caddis Brown£1.25

Available in Fly Size(s)
14, 16, 18, 20

Barbless Elk Hair Caddis Olive

Barbless Elk Hair Caddis Olive£1.25  (1)

Available in Fly Size(s)
12, 14, 16, 18

Barbless Goddard Amber Caddis

Barbless Goddard Amber Caddis£1.30   £1.25

Available in Fly Size(s)
8, 10, 12, 14

Barbless Goddard Green Caddis

Barbless Goddard Green Caddis£1.30   £1.25

Available in Fly Size(s)
8, 10, 12, 14

Barbless Goddard Natural Caddis

Barbless Goddard Natural Caddis£1.30   £1.25  (1)

Available in Fly Size(s)
8, 10, 12, 14, 16

Barbless Hares Ear Sedgehog

Barbless Hares Ear Sedgehog£1.25  (1)

Available in Fly Size(s)
10, 12

Barbless Jerry Lee Church Wing Caddis

Barbless Jerry Lee Church Wing Caddis£1.30   £1.25

Available in Fly Size(s)
8, 10, 12, 14, 16

Barbless Olive Sedgehog

Barbless Olive Sedgehog£1.25

Available in Fly Size(s)
10, 12

Barbless Orange Sedgehog

Barbless Orange Sedgehog£1.25  (1)

Available in Fly Size(s)
10, 12

Barbless Stimulator Olive£1.30

Available in Fly Size(s)
10, 12, 14, 16

Black Caddis

Black Caddis£1.00  (2)

Available in Fly Size(s)
10, 12, 14.

Caddis Natural

Caddis Natural£1.00  (1)

Available in Fly Size(s)
10, 12.

Caperer

Caperer£1.00

Available in Fly Size(s)
14, 16

Elk Hair Caddis Black

Elk Hair Caddis Black£1.00  (4)

Available in Fly Size(s)
12, 14, 16, 18

Elk Hair Caddis Brown

Elk Hair Caddis Brown£1.00  (6)

Available in Fly Size(s)
14, 16, 18, 20

Elk Hair Caddis Fly Selection

Elk Hair Caddis Fly Selection£10.75  (2)

16 Caddisflies

Elk Hair Caddis Olive

Elk Hair Caddis Olive£1.00  (6)

Available in Fly Size(s)
12, 14, 16, 18

Elk Hair Caddis Tan

Elk Hair Caddis Tan£1.00

Available in Fly Size(s)
12, 14, 16, 18, 20

Goddard Amber Caddis

Goddard Amber Caddis£1.00  (2)

Available in Fly Size(s)
8, 10, 12, 14

Goddard Caddis Fly Selection

Goddard Caddis Fly Selection£10.60  (6)

16 Caddisflies

Goddard Green Caddis

Goddard Green Caddis£1.00  (2)

Available in Fly Size(s)
8, 10, 12, 14

Goddard Natural Caddis

Goddard Natural Caddis£1.00  (3)

Available in Fly Size(s)
8, 10, 12, 14, 16

Grannom Caddis

Grannom Caddis£1.00  (4)

Available in Fly Size(s)
12, 14, 16.

Hares Ear Sedgehog

Hares Ear Sedgehog£1.25

Available in Fly Size(s)
10, 12

Olive Sedgehog

Olive Sedgehog£1.25

Available in Fly Size(s)
10, 12

Orange Sedgehog

Orange Sedgehog£1.25

Available in Fly Size(s)
10, 12

Peacock Sedgehog

Peacock Sedgehog£1.25

Available in Fly Size(s)
10

Pearl Sedgehog

Pearl Sedgehog£1.25  (1)

Available in Fly Size(s)
10

Red Sedgehog

Red Sedgehog£1.25

Available in Fly Size(s)
10

Silver Sedge

Silver Sedge£1.00

Available in Fly Size(s)
12, 14, 16.

Stimulator Olive

Stimulator Olive£1.00  (5)

Available in Fly Size(s)
10, 12, 14, 16

Stimulator Orange

Stimulator Orange£1.00  (2)

Available in Fly Size(s)
12, 14, 16

Stimulator Trout Fly Selection

Stimulator Trout Fly Selection£6.50  (6)

9 Stimulators - Trout Flies

Stimulator Yellow

Stimulator Yellow£1.00  (1)

Available in Fly Size(s)
12, 14, 16

   

 


Peter Gulliver
Wednesday, 19 November 2014  |  14:19

Beautifully tied flies, and info on how best to fish them. Why go elsewhere?
Regards.
Gully.

 
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